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2 . 2022

Abdominal complications after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery: data analysis for 2011-2021

Abstract

Background. Abdominal complications in cardiac surgery, with their relatively rare occurrence, are accompanied by high mortality, reaching 90%.

Aim. We assessed abdominal complications after heart surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass.

Patients and methods. A single-center retrospective study was conducted on 15 380 patients enrolled between 2011 and 2021.

Results. The frequency of abdominal surgical complications is 1.01%. The most common were gastrointestinal bleeding 41.03% (n=64), paralytic ileus 35.25% (n=55), acute mesenteric ischemia 12.17% (n=19), acute cholecystitis 12.17% (n=19), acute pancreatitis 2.56% (n=4), gastric perforation 0.64% (n=1). 2 patients had a combination of 3 complications, 3 patients had 2 combinations of complications.

Сonclusion. Early diagnostics and timely are necessary to reduce postoperative  mortality.

Keywords:heart surgery; cardiopulmonary bypass; abdominal complications

Funding. The study was supported by the Russian Science Foundation grant #22-25-20016.
Conflict of interest. The authors declare no conflict of interest.
For citation: Belov D.V., Lukin O.P., Fokin A.A., Abramovskikh O.S., Naimushina Yu.V. Abdominal complications after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery: data analysis for 2011-2021. Clinical and Experimental Surgery. Petrovsky Journal. 2022;  10 (2): 96–102. DOI: https://doi.org/10.33029/2308-1198-2022-10-2-96-102  (in Russian)

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CHIEF EDITOR
CHIEF EDITOR
Sergey L. Dzemeshkevich
MD, Professor (Moscow, Russia)
Вскрытие
Medicine today

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